Wednesday, July 10, 2013

Ten Presuppositions of Science

 Here is a list of some of the presuppositions of science:

(1) the existence of a theory-independent, external world;

(2) the orderly nature of the external world;

(3) the knowability of the external world;

(4) the existence of truth;

(5) the laws of logic;

(6) the reliability of our cognitive and sensory faculties to serve as truth gatherers and as a source of justified true beliefs in our intellectual environment;

(7) the adequacy of language to describe the world;

(8) the existence of values used in science (e.g., "test theories fairly and report test results honestly");

(9) the uniformity of nature and induction;

(10) the existence of numbers.1

1. William Lane Craig & J.P. Moreland, Philosophical Foundations for a Christian Worldview (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2003), pp. 348.

List taken from:
or here:

William Lane Craig responding to Peter Atkins' virtual scientism

List of books that demonstrate the limits of Science as a method of acquiring knowledge:

The Philosophy of Science and Belief in God by Gordon H. Clark (highly recommended)

Mathematics: the Loss of Certainty by Morris Kline

An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding by David Hume

The Scientific Outlook by Bertrand Russell

Unity, Identity, and Explanation in Aristotle's Metaphysics

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